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After taking the fort, the army prepared to move inland, later capturing the native kings of Tenerife and presenting them to Isabella and Ferdinand.The menceyes of Tenerife had differing responses to the conquest. The first included the menceyatos of Anaga, Güímar, Abona and Adeje.Although the traditional dates of conquest of Tenerife are established between 1494 (landing of Alonso Fernández de Lugo) and 1496 (conquest of the island), it must be taken into account that the attempts to annex the island of Tenerife to the Crown of Castile date back at least to 1464.For this reason, from the first attempt to conquer the island in 1464, until it is finally conquered in 1496, 32 years pass.In December 1493, the Catholic monarchs, Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon, granted Alonso Fernández de Lugo the right to conquer Tenerife.Coming from Gran Canaria in April 1494, the conqueror landed on the coast of present-day Santa Cruz de Tenerife in May, and disembarked with about 2,000 men on foot and 200 on horseback.Santa Cruz de Tenerife is the capital of the island and the seat of the island council (cabildo insular).The city is capital of the autonomous community of Canary Islands (shared with Las Palmas), sharing governmental institutions such as presidency and ministries.
Tinerfe el Grande, son of the mencey Sunta, governed the island from Adeje in the south.Juba II and Ancient Romans referred to the island of Tenerife as Nivaria, derived from the Latin word nix (nsg.; gsg. nives), meaning snow, referring to the snow-covered peak of the Teide volcano.Later maps dating to the 14th and 15th century, by mapmakers such as Bontier and Le Verrier, refer to the island as Isla del Infierno, literally meaning "Island of Hell," referring to the volcanic activity and eruptions of Mount Teide.The second group consisted of the people of Tegueste, Tacoronte, Taoro, Icoden and Daute.Those opposed to the conquest fought the invaders tenaciously, resisting their rule for two years.
The city of La Laguna was capital of the Canary Islands before Santa Cruz replaced it in 1833.